dark


DARK  MATTER
  Curated  by   Javier  RAMIREX


         Opening  Reception:  SATURDAY   November 7th   2 - 6 pm


      November   7 - 30,  2015

Agnieszka KONOPKA - Adriana FLOREA BALOIU - Evamaria KARPFEN
  Martina MALAVASI -  Carl Fredrik DAHL - Ole GAHMS
  Andrea  Di RANIERI - Javier  RAMIREX - Michele  SENESI


MARZIA  FROZEN

Neumagener Straße 27

Haus 7
13088 Berlin 

www.marziafrozen.com 


Marzia Frozen is pleased to announce an  international  group exhibition of a new generation of artists working today. This will be a group exhibition at MARZIA FROZEN in Berlin, and will feature a selection of  paintings, sculptures,  and videos.

In the early 1990s, one thing was fairly certain about the expansion of the Universe. It might have enough energy density to stop its expansion and recollapse, it might have so little energy density that it would never stop expanding, but gravity was certain to slow the expansion as time went on. Granted, the slowing had not been observed, but, theoretically, the Universe had to slow. The Universe is full of matter and the attractive force of gravity pulls all matter together. Then came 1998 and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of very distant supernovae that showed that, a long time ago, the Universe was actually expanding more slowly than it is today. So the expansion of the Universe has not been slowing due to gravity, as everyone thought, it has been accelerating. No one expected this, no one knew how to explain it. But something was causing it.
Eventually theorists came up with three sorts of explanations. Maybe it was a result of a long-discarded version of Einstein's theory of gravity, one that contained what was called a "cosmological constant." Maybe there was some strange kind of energy-fluid that filled space. Maybe there is something wrong with Einstein's theory of gravity and a new theory could include some kind of field that creates this cosmic acceleration. Theorists still don't know what the correct explanation is, but they have given the solution a name. It is called dark energy.

By fitting a theoretical model of the composition of the Universe to the combined set of cosmological observations, scientists have come up with the composition that we described above, ~68% dark energy, ~27% dark matter, ~5% normal matter. What is dark matter?
We are much more certain what dark matter is not than we are what it is. First, it is dark, meaning that it is not in the form of stars and planets that we see. Observations show that there is far too little visible matter in the Universe to make up the 27% required by the observations. Second, it is not in the form of dark clouds of normal matter, matter made up of particles called baryons. We know this because we would be able to detect baryonic clouds by their absorption of radiation passing through them. Third, dark matter is not antimatter, because we do not see the unique gamma rays that are produced when antimatter annihilates with matter. Finally, we can rule out large galaxy-sized black holes on the basis of how many gravitational lenses we see. High concentrations of matter bend light passing near them from objects further away, but we do not see enough lensing events to suggest that such objects to make up the required 25% dark matter contribution.


agniezska

Agnieszka  KONOPKA
Bordeaux
, 2014
  Acrylic  on  canvas
150 x 100 cm








adriana
Adriana FLOREA BALOIU
Another World,
2014
  Mixed  media on wood
100  x 100 cm





eva
Evamaria KARPFEN
  Einsamer  flug über dem Kratersee
, 2013
  Oil on canvas
  30 x 40 cm






dahl
Carl Fredrik DAHL
After Dark I
, 2014
Mixed media on canvas
  150 x 100 cm