quantum
  Curated  by   Javier  RAMIREX


         Opening  Reception:  SATURDAY   Feb. 7th  2 - 6 pm


     February  7 -  February  28,  2015

  Ashley COLLIN -  Leslie LAASNER - Andrea di RANIERI
Annette  MARTINS - Javier  RAMIREX -  Simone FONTANA REIS
  Thorsten RICHIE -  Anne SKREDE - Michele SENESI - Chantal  Van HOUTEN




MARZIA  FROZEN

Neumagener Straße 27

Haus 7
13088 Berlin 

www.marziafrozen.com

                                              
               
Marzia Frozen is pleased to announce an  international  group exhibition of a new generation of artists working today. This will be a group exhibition at MARZIA FROZEN in Berlin, and will feature a selection of  paintings, sculptures, photographs,  performances and videos.   

Quantum gravity (QG) is a field of  theoretical  physics  that seeks to describe the force of  gravity according to the principles of  quantum  mechanics .
The current understanding of  gravity  is based on  Albert  Einstein’s    general   theory  of relativity, which is formulated within the framework of classical  physics.  On the other hand, the  non gravitational  forces  are described within the framework of quantum mechanics, a radically different formalism for describing physical phenomena based on  probability. The necessity of a quantum mechanical description of gravity follows from the fact that one cannot consistently couple a classical system to a quantum one.

Strictly speaking, the aim of quantum gravity is only to describe the quantum behavior of the gravitational field and should not be confused with the objective of unifying  all  fundamental  interactions  into a single mathematical framework. Although some quantum gravity theories such as string  theory  try to unify gravity with the other fundamental  forces, others such as loop  quantum gravity make no such attempt; instead, they make an effort to quantize the gravitational field while it is kept separate from the other forces. A theory of quantum gravity that is also a  grand  unification  of all known interactions is sometimes referred to as a  theory of  everything (TOE).


Much of the difficulty in meshing these theories at all energy scales comes from the different assumptions that these theories make on how the universe works.  Quantum  field theory depends on particle fields embedded in the flat space-time of special relativity. General relativity  models gravity as a curvature within  space-time that changes as a gravitational mass moves. Historically, the most obvious way of combining the two (such as treating gravity as simply another particle field) ran quickly into what is known as the renormalization  problem. In the old-fashioned understanding of renormalization, gravity particles would attract each other and adding together all of the interactions results in many infinite values which cannot easily be cancelled out mathematically to yield sensible, finite results. This is in contrast with   quantum electrodynamics where, given that the series still do not converge, the interactions sometimes evaluate to infinite results, but those are few enough in number to be removable via renormalization.





                                                                                       collin

Ashley COLLIN
Figures in the Sultanahmet
, 2014
  Oil  on paper
  150 x 100 cm






                                                                   leslie

Leslie  LAASNER
  Mustad Pilved
, 2014
  Oil on canvas
  100 x 80 cm



                                                                               reiche

Thorsten REICHE
Goethe,
2014
Polyurethane, Wire and Spray paint
Dimensions  Variable








                                                                           annette

Annette  MARTINS
The  Ninth Muse
, 2014
  Mixed media on canvas
60 x 60 cm








                                                                        fontana

Simone  FONTANA  REIS
A  danca  do  Galo
, 2014
  Oil on canvas
60  x 70 cm